We believe in the importance of assisting our clients during the choice of a new vine stock.
Afterwards, it is important to advise them in choosing and applying the best vineyard management techniques. The aim of Vivai Viticoli Trentini is not to just sell products but to entirely participate to the choices and related actions needed to obtain the best results from the investment.
AND BASIC SERVICES
Consultancy and basic services to our clients include:
- Pre/post planting visits;
- Advices on the choice of the variety, the clonal selection and rootstock;
- Best cold storage practice;
- Express delivery of the plants;
- Planting of the rooted cuttings by the best plant engineers;
- Multiplication of farm’s material.
AND OPTIMIZATION OF A MODERN COMPANY
Through the collaboration with research institutes, universities and the best professionals of the wine field, we have the possibility to offer all is needed for the improvement and optimization of a modern company:
- Professional vine and enological consultancies;
- Vineyard design;
- Zonation and vine-vocation studies;
- Company clonal selection identification and standardization;
- Wine company’s re-organization and optimization;
- Mass-selection pressure of the company’s varieties;
- Varietal identification by means of DNA analysis;
- Phytosanitary analysis;
- Plants’ second graft;
- Specialized research project;
- Field tests of the new varieties;
- Evaluations of the vineyard’s nutritional status and plants’ nourishing interventions.
These are, in summary, the recommendations and the basic technical rules for the success of your vineyards:
Recommendations for the soil preparation
- If possible, where a vineyard was already present, land should lie fallow for at least one year;
- An adequate preparation of the soil should be done in good advance; clay-rich soils should be worked during the previous summer when they have the right level of humidity;
- Get rid of any residual roots, especially those of previously planted vines;
- Arrange the soils in order to have an homogeneous layer, with no water stagnation;
- During the arrangement of the land, respect the soil horizons and prefer deep ripping operations and superficial plowing.
- Break the soil of the first planting into small pieces and avoid the use of tools that may create a compressed layer
Recommendations for the optimal conservation of the plants before planting
An incorrect conservation may compromise the vitality of the plants, therefore it is necessary to:
- Avoid to leave the package open;
- Plant them as soon as possible;
- Plants should be kept into rooms with controlled temperature, following the days/temperature calendar:
The planting period of the rooted cuttings is between the end of autumn until the beginning of spring (15th November – 15th April), depending on the cultivation area. A standard germination can be facilitated by following a tested agronomic protocol, in particular:
- Before planting, immerse the roots into water for 12-48 hours; re-hydration should be longer as the seasons move forward (E.g. 36 hours for those to be planted in late April, 48 hours for those to be planted in mid-May);
- Preferably use plants with long roots or slightly cut (never under 5 cm);
- Keep the graft point above the soil (5-8 cm);
- Avoid air around the roots;
- In clay-rich and compact areas, do not compress the soil too much and keep the surface around the plants well-worked;
- Irrigate after the planting;
- Do not fertilize the hole.
For the first year, it is necessary to constantly and carefully monitor the growing of the plants, in order to get the best results. The following indications can be crucial for a regular germination and development:
- Regularly irrigate after planting and avoid any water stress;
- Check for the presence of possible mites or thrips during germination;
- Along the row, keep the soil well-worked in order to avoid the creation of a superficial compressd layer;
- Along the row, keep the soil free from invasive plants;
- Do not use absorption pesticides;
- Fertilization should be limited and dose-controlled;
- Treatment against downy mildew to be carried out until the optimal lignification of the shoots.
Planting density depends on:
- Soil (fertility, slope);
- Vine variety (vigor, basal fertility);
- Productive and enological aim;
- Training system;
- Level of automation to be reached.
Theoretical scale plant/hectare (download file)
For any additional pieces of information or clarifications, it is possible to reach a technical responsible, available at the e-email: firstname.lastname@example.org.